Periodic surveys and inspections of ships are carried out to ensure the safety and seaworthiness of vessels. With maritime laws becoming more stringent with each passing year, sea-going vessels have to go through a series of inspections in order to meet minimum requirements to continue sailing.
Annual surveys by classification society are a vital part of ship’s trading eligibility. Thus for a vessel to continue trading various periodical surveys and certifications by classification society are mandatory to ensure its continual compliance with International regulations and endorsement of the same. Various certificates require annual endorsement after the class surveyor verifies that the conditions, functioning and operational and maintenance requirements of the vessel are complied with.
Dry dock surveys or intermediate surveys/inspections are more extensive form of annual surveys in which several other functional, operational aspects and maintenance routines of shipboard equipment are verified.
A safety construction survey will be focused on structural strength of the vessel. It will be assessed for any excessive corrosion of deck or hull, along with condition of watertight doors, bilge pumping and drainage systems, fire protection equipment and fixed and portable fire fighting equipment. Condition of steam lines on deck, anchors chain and cables, and means of emergency escape are also checked.
A cargo ship safety equipment survey pertains to conditions and management of safety system onboard. Muster lists, life jacket donning instructions, survival craft launching instructions, and muster stations are to be updated and posted in required locations, arrow markings for emergency muster stations, condition of lifeboats, its equipment and launching appliances.